Any individual convicted of these offenses, regardless if they received prison time or not, will have to register as a Sex Offender for the remainder of their life. In June 2005, a bill was proposed before the General Assembly of Georgia (USA) to raise the age of consent from 16 to 18.
There was also a law which prohibited K-12 teachers from having sex with students under age 19, and violators could face prison time and/or get on the sex offender registry. However, there exist in the legislation defenses to prosecution if the defendant is close-in-age to the "victim" or a spouse of the "victim". The age of consent in Illinois is 17, and rises to 18 with someone who has a position of authority or trust over the victim.
While the general age of consent is now set between 16 and 18 in all U. states, the age of consent has widely varied across the country in the past.
In 1880, the age of consent was set at 10 or 12 in most states, with the exception of Delaware where it was 7.
(b) As used in this section, sex act means sexual intercourse with any penetration, however slight; emission is not required. For repeat offenders, the minimum 10 years and the maximum is life imprisonment.
(c) As used in this section, deviant sexual intercourse means any act of sexual gratification between persons not married to each other involving the sex organs of one person and the mouth or anus of another. This crime has the same close-in-age exception as statutory rape stated above if the victim is 14 or 15 years old and the actor is 18 or younger and within 4 years of age.
In 2017, Alabama Circuit Judge Glenn Thompson, of Morgan County in the north of the state, ruled that this law was unconstitutional. Offenses Against the Person – Sexual Abuse of a Minor Section 436 in the First Degree (Unclassified Felony) ; Section 436 in the Second Degree (Class B Felony) ; Section 438 in the Third Degree (Class C Felony) ; Section 440 : in the Fourth Degree (Class A misdemeanor) AS . (a) An offender commits the crime of sexual abuse of a minor in the second degree if (1) being 16 years of age or older, the offender engages in sexual penetration with a person who is 13, 14, or 15 years of age and at least three years younger than the offender, or aids, induces, causes or encourages a person who is 13, 14, or 15 years of age and at least three years younger than the offender to engage in sexual penetration with another person... Note: these are not close-in-age exceptions but defenses in court. The same conduct, entered into with an eighteen-year-old and without a belief that the prostitute was under eighteen years of age, would be a misdemeanor. There is no close-in-age exception, crossing the age boundary is Criminal Sexual Assault.